Urinary incontinence is a common problem among women who are past menopause, and diabetes patients. This problem not only disturbs their personal hygiene, it affects their social life as well. Many people tend to stay away from them due to the unpleasant odor that is released due to involuntary urination. This makes them feel shameful of themselves and they go through a lot of stress.
Who can have this problem?
Excess water that gets separated by kidneys will be collected into the urinary bladder. Urinary bladder can expand and contract. A well developed healthy bladder can store up to 850ml of urine. Once the urine level reaches 600ml approx, it contracts and passes the message to the brain that it’s time to urinate. But, for some people, the urinary bladder will start to contract before it reaches its minimum threshold capacity. We call this as overactive bladder. Due to this, the person will feel the need to urinate way too often. These people have the high probability for urinary incontinence problem.
Diabetes patients would want to urinate often. But, they may not be in a position to do so while they are traveling. So they end up controlling their urination. Due to this, the valve that permits and blocks the urine will go through a lot of stress and become weak. This will lead to urinary incontinence problem.
People with Alzheimer, and psychological problems like stress, anxiety etc.. can have this problem.
Men with problems in the prostate gland and prostate cancer can have bladder leakage.
Women who get pregnant often will have more stress on the uterus. Due to this urinary bladder will become weak. When this stress falls on the nerves, it can lead to urinary incontinence.
When we sneeze or cough often, lift heavy weights, it will create more stress in the lower abdomen, this can cause involuntary urination.
What are the treatments
As there are many reasons for the occurrence of this disease, the treatment will differ from person to person depending upon their health condition. An ultrasound scan can be carried out to detect this problem.
There are no available treatments for urinary incontinence that has its roots in the brain, and problems related to it such as Alzheimer, stress, and other psychological problems. These people can make use of diapers if necessary.
Diabetes patients will urinate often, and they need to keep their blood sugar under control. There are tablets and medications available for diabetes patients to cure this condition. They might need a surgery when the disease has progressed to advanced stages.
- Treatment options are very less for women who have crossed 60 years age. So they should take necessary precautionary steps to prevent this disease. Pregnant women who just had their delivery need to undergo special exercises regularly to strengthen their urinary bladder.
- To prevent depression and stress, it is necessary to keep the mind relaxed and refreshed at all times. Practices like Yoga, meditation, pranayama, and walking will help in a great way to counter psychological problems.
- People who have constant cough must take necessary treatment to keep it under control.
- Those who have sinus must undergo treatments for it.
- Following these precautionary measures, we can effectively prevent urinary incontinence.
Artificial Urinary Sphincter
This is a special treatment option available for men with urinary incontinence. As the neck part of the urinary bladder would have lost its capacity to expand and contract, and there will be constant bladder leakage. This treatment is provided to stop this problem. In this treatment, a titanium sphincter will be installed over urinary tract. Along with this, a switch will also be placed near the groin region.
This sphincter will block the leakage from the urinary bladder. Naturally, it will be in the closed position so it stops the urine on its path. Once the urinary bladder is full, the patient will feel the need to urinate. He can then rush to a restroom and press the installed switch to open up the closed sphincter, this will clear the path for urine, and it will be released. Once the bladder is emptied, the person can release the switch to close the sphincter. This treatment will provide a permanent solution to involuntary urination problem in men.