That dizzy feeling while sitting and relaxing in your chair, some people even faint and fall off from their chairs. Watching a movie with very loud noise effects, traveling on a noisy train or bus, standing on the top floor of a building can trigger this head spinning and dizzy feeling. These could be the signs of vertigo. It is a problem that arises due to the disturbance in eyes, ears, and brain.
People with vertigo feel heaviness in their heads, feeling of head spinning, dizziness, confusion, fading eyesight, feeling of itching sensation throughout the body. Some people have irritation in their eyes and some even lose their hearing capacity.
What is the reason?
Nerves or sensory nerves that connect ears, eyes, and brain in our body are connected to each other. They help to maintain body balance. Problem or disturbance in these nerves is the cause of vertigo. There are two types of nerves in our brain, namely peripheral nerves and cranial nerves.
There are 24 cranial nerves or 12 pairs of cranial nerves in total. Each of these nerve carries out different functions. Out of these third, fourth and sixth pair of nerves are responsible for eye movements, the eighth pair is responsible for hearing functions. These four nerves are the ones directly connected to the brain. Problems in these nerves lead to vertigo.
It can also happen due to tumor formed between the ears and the cerebellum (part of a brain).
Feeling of dizziness or head spinning or swaying while lifting your head upwards or sideways could also be due to this.
A completely normal and healthy person can also have vertigo. This is called as physiologic vertigo., vertigo can happen while straining the neck too much, while traveling on a boat, while going on a fun ride in a theme park that spins a lot, or while playing swing. It can even happen during driving a car or while watching movies.
Vertigo can happen due to problems in the muscles that surrounds the eyes. Diabetes patients can have it due to their medications. Problems in other muscles and tissues can cause vertigo. A viral infection like herpes that attacks the nerves can also lead to vertigo. Similarly, medications prescribed for Tuberculosis can cause vertigo.
Vertigo can happen due to fear. People who feel fearful watching a huge crowd or while looking at an empty ground or while leaving the home have chances for vertigo. Low self-esteem is also one of the reasons for it.
Since vertigo is a problem that concerns, eyes, ears, and nerves. Any one of these three specialists can be consulted. The doctor will prescribe the right treatment after conducting all the necessary tests. Tumors and problems with nerves can be cured either through medications or through surgery.
Placing the head in the right position while driving or traveling in a boat. Avoiding fun rides that spin a lot will be the best solution and treatment for physiologic vertigo.
Strengthening the minds of people with psychological vertigo is the best way to deal with it. Counseling can help a bit. These people must be fed with positive and motivational thoughts.
Ways to prevent
Unfortunately, we cannot prevent vertigo. But still, we can try to protect ourselves from it. Regular exercises, yoga and having strong mind can yield better results.