Uterus is not just an important organ in a woman’s body, its also one of the organs that needs to be given utmost care. But, due to lack of proper knowledge about uterus, shyness to talk about reproductive organs, busy life style, unhygienic foods and many other things have collectively lead to tumour or cyst formation in this organ.

Studies reveal 1 in 6 women under 60 years of age undergo uterus removal surgery.

Is the purpose of uterus is done with child birth? Is removing uterus completely, the only treatment option for uterus tumour or cyst? Is it really a good idea to remove one of the most important internal organ in a woman’s body? We will look in to answers for all these common questions in this article.

What is the actual measurement or size of uterus?

Uterus has three layered structure, its inner layer is termed as endometrium, the middle layer is called as myometrium and the outer layer is named as perimetrium. Normally for a woman who attained puberty, uterus will measure around 6 cm in length, 5 cm in breadth and 2 cm in thickness. Since uterus expands during pregnancy and child birth, it will measure 9 to 10 cm in length after child birth. Similarly, uterus which weighs 60g before child birth will increase to 90g after child birth.

What are the possible problems to uterus during child birth?

During the development of a girl foetus, uterus will be split in to two parts and it will later combine in to one after the completion of development process.

For some babies, one part the uterus will have good growth, while the other part lags behind. For some both the ovaries would have attained good growth, while the uterus development process lags behind. For some there will be development of septum right in the middle of uterus. All these problems will not show any bodily symptoms or signs.

What is the reason for formation of tumour or cyst in uterus? Can it transform in to cancer?

Fibroids, a non-cancerous tumour can form to woman who reached their puberty. It forms due to excessive activities of hormones like oestrogen and progesterone. This can be a single big sized tumour or it can be a cluster of small sized cysts (PCOD).

Increase in body weight, irregular periods, excessive bleeding periods, unbearable stomach pain that occurs during periods, leg pain could be the symptoms for cyst or tumour in uterus. When these tumours are big in size, it can in turn increase the size of the uterus. Due to this there will be increased pressure and stress in colon, intestines and urinary bladder, this will lead to frequent urination and constipation.

But fibroids do not require surgically removing uterus, it can be treated with medications to reduce its size. Only under uncontrollable situations it is removed using laparoscopy. Most fibroids are not cancerous. Only when it left unattended for longer duration, its cells start to multiply uncontrollably and transforms in to cancer. This can start to spread to other organs. So its better to treat it as soon as possible.

What is the reason for Uterus Dislocation?

Uterus is surrounded by muscles on all four sides which can expand and contract. During pregnancy uterus will start to expand depending up the size of the foetus. For some woman it takes pretty long time to deliver the baby after labour pain. During those times, the muscles surrounding the uterus starts to lose its strength. Due to this reason these muscles could not hold uterus in its position. This leads to “Uterus Prolapse”.

Giving birth to more number of babies, lifting heavy objects immediately after child birth, doing works that gives more pressure and stress to lower abs, over weight or obesity can weaken uterus and lead to uterus dislocation.

Due to uterus dislocation, Uterus can put more weight and stress on colons, intestines and urinary bladder, this can lead to frequent urination, painful urination and constipation.

How to find out if the uterus is healthy?

Regular period cycles of 28 days itself is the good indication that the uterus and hormone levels are in its normal state. Other than this health of uterus can be diagnosed with the help of a scanning process known as “Hysteroscopy”.

Is there an exercise or foods that will help to strengthen uterus?

All women can practice exercises that strengthens uterus under the guidance of a physiotherapist. Women who practice extreme exercises, particularly exercises that gives undue pressure to the lower abdomen must be done with extreme care. Otherwise it can lead to uterus dislocation.

Fish, eggs, lentils, sprouts are rich in protein content, these foods can strengthen the muscles. To overcome the problem of excess bleeding during pregnancy which results in haemoglobin deficiency, pregnant woman can take foods rich in iron content.

Who will need to Surgically remove uterus?

  • Women who take medications for excessive bleeding, but it is unable to control the blood loss.
  • Older woman who have uterus dislocation
  • Woman who have endometriosis disorder
  • When Fibroid tumours gets abnormally large and shows signs of cancer
  • Damage caused to Uterus due to previous surgeries
  • Woman who do not want to get pregnant after many successful deliveries. In this case woman’s age will be taken in to consideration before carrying out the surgery.