Polypharmacy, self-medication and anti-biotic resistance and are the three major challenges facing medical world. Is increase in number of diseases is the sole reason behind this problem? Availability of Rx medicines in OTC ( Over the Counter) medicine stores, lack of awareness about medicines and taking in wrong medications are the major reasons behind these problems.
Buying medications in today’s world has became more like shopping in a shopping mall. Paracetamol for fever, painkiller for pain in hands and legs, vitamin tablets for tiredness to taking in severe antibiotics for common cold, is it really a good practice to swallow whatever tablets and pills we get our hands on? Its time we think about dangers and consequences of consuming way too much medicines.
More than 50% of women in India are affected by arthritis. But not even 10% of these people take in right medicines for this problem. Lot of these women take in painkillers to solve their problem regularly, eventually get addicted to it. This habit leads to severe kidney disfunction and even kidney failure. To remove this kind of medical ignorance, rising awareness about taking in too much medicines and knowing its consequences will be the best solution to this problem.
For patients with severe levels of fever, doctors can prescribe up to 4000mg of paracetamol. But Doctor can even prescribe up to 2000 mg. Paracetamol tablets are available in 650mg and 400 mg, taking in these tablets three or four times a day will be enough is Doctor’s advice. Maximum amount of paracetamol a one can intake per day varies with person to person which depends on his body condition. Consuming more than 4000 mg per day or taking paracetamol on a regular basis will make the Acetaminophen, a chemical substance that is found in paracetamol to turn toxic and this will impact the functioning of lever. Initially this will give out symptoms like lack of hunger, vomiting, sweating, yellowish eyes and eventually this could lead to inflammation of lever.
First symptom for a problem in any organ is the pain expressed by it. Head ache could be a symptom for migraine, high blood pressure or even eye problems. Pain killers we in take for these problems usually suppress the pain temporarily and stops us from consulting a Doctor, this could trigger severeness in disease. Doctor’s usually do not prescribe painkillers for more than three days, just to make sure if the problems persist, its time to move on to next course of treatment.
Consuming a lot of painkillers could lead to internal bleeding or bleeding in internal organs. Sometimes this could even lead to kidney failure. Heart patients who take in aspirin, should not consume excess painkillers, as these painkillers would reduce the functioning of aspirin and increases the possibility of developing blockages in artery.
Antibiotics for Cold
Cold could be just a common cold or it could be due to an infection in lungs. If its a common cold, there is no need to take in any medications, it will cure itself within a week. But heading towards a drug store and buying your own set of antibiotics to cure the problem will only make it worse. Taking in these antibiotics could lead to antibiotic resistance. This could lead to a big problem when we really need to be treated with an antibiotic in future.
Syrup and tonic prescribed for cold and tablets prescribed for allergy belongs to this type of medicine. Main problem with these type of medication is it induces sleep. Lot of parents use this kind of medicines on kids not just for cold but also to make them sleep. Its more like inducing addiction to kids at an early age. These medicines have a capacity to control the secretions inside body. Using these medicines in excess will lead to dryness in mouth and also dullness in kids.
Excess usage of sleeping pills
Apart from those who use sleeping pills under Doctor’s advice for their sleeping problems, other should not use it. These pills can calm down the brain’s activity and is capable of controlling it. Using it unnecessarily will lead to addiction, stress and other mental problems.
Corticosteroids are prescribed for patients with Asthma. For patients taking in corticosteroids on a daily basis, its better to switch to inhaler in place of these drugs. These medicines have a tendency of bringing in a lot of side effects, in fact it has special place in medicine world for its ill effects. Taking in steroids in large quantity will reduce resistance towards diabetes, reduces immunity and increases pressure in eyes (Glaucoma).